Histoplasmosis is an infection caused by a fungus called
Histoplasma capsulatum. It usually affects the
A person gets histoplasmosis by breathing in the spores of
the fungus. It is not spread from one person to another. An infected person may
feel generally sick and have a fever, cough, and chest pains. But many people
who get infected do not have any symptoms.
People with a healthy
immune system usually recover from a mild infection without treatment. But in
people with a weak immune system, such as those with cancer or AIDS,
histoplasmosis may spread beyond the lungs to other organs. This is called
disseminated disease. People with a severe infection or disseminated disease
are treated with antifungal medicines.
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & R. Steven Tharratt, MD, MPVM, FACP, FCCP - Pulmonology, Critical Care Medicine, Medical Toxicology
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