Keeping your blood sugar in a target range reduces your risk of problems such as diabetic eye disease (retinopathy),
kidney disease (nephropathy), and nerve disease (neuropathy).
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) suggests the following A1c and blood glucose ranges as a general guide. Children, people who have severe complications from diabetes, and people who have trouble recognizing the symptoms of low blood sugar may need a different target range. Work with your doctor to set your own
target blood sugar range. This will help you achieve the best control possible
without having a high risk of hypoglycemia.1, 2
A1c: Less than 7.0%
Before meals: 70 to 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)
1 to 2 hours after meals: Less than 180 mg/dL
Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who become pregnant
A1c: Less than 6.0%
Before meals, bedtime, and overnight: 60 to 99 mg/dL
1 to 2 hours after meals: 100 to 129 mg/dL or lower
Women who have gestational diabetes
Before meals: 95 mg/dL or less
1 to 2 hours after meals: 120 to 140 mg/dL or lower
American Diabetes Association (2013). Standards of medical care in diabetes—2013. Diabetes Care, 36(Suppl 1): S11–S66.
Inzucchi SE, et al. (2012). Management of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes: A patient-centered approach. Diabetes Care, 35(6): 1364–1379.
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.