Surgical Oncology - St. Mary's
Is Changing the Surgery Experience
Since surgery is used in the diagnostic, treatment and post-treatment phases of cancer management, your primary physician or oncologist may suggest surgery in a variety of circumstances. Each of the many different types of surgery has its own goal.
In general, surgery may be recommended to:
- Prevent or lower the risk of developing cancer
- Diagnose or stage the disease
- Remove the primary tumor
- Remove other tumors
- Relieve symptoms caused by the cancer
- Reconstruct or rehabilitate
- Support chemotherapy and radiation therapy
- Treat complications of cancer or treatment
Before you have surgery, your doctors will study the kind and extent of the tumor involved, then discuss what kind of surgery you need. There are many things that you can do as a patient to improve the outcome of any operation.
- If you smoke, stop.
- Become as physically fit as possible.
- Make sure to discuss with the surgeon the details of the operation and what you can expect afterward.
- Discuss the use of blood. Most major surgery requires administering blood and there is some risk involved; however, it is very small.